Nowadays most of us have heard the term Ethical Hacker due to hacktivist groups like Anonymous gaining popularity in the media. But what exactly is Ethical Hacking? We have a general idea that it means hacking without any malicious intent, or more simply the kind of hacking the “good guys” do. But if we delve deeper, it means more than that, it represents a philosophy and morality popular among the hacker and hacktivist communities.
Formally Ethical Hacking may be defined as the practice of systematically attempting to break into or penetrate for the purpose of locating weaknesses and vulnerabilities of the computer system by duplicating the actions of malicious black-hat hackers. Actually, what I just said defines Penetration Testing, to be precise Ethical Hacking is a term coined by IBM meant to imply a broader category than just penetration testing. Ethical hackers do this penetration testing on the request of or by being employed by the owner of the computer system so that he can fix these weaknesses and make the system more secure.
Ethical hackers generally follow a set of moral values and philosophy. They promote sharing of knowledge, they believe that all information should be free. They also believe bureaucracies such as corporates are flawed systems, they promote decentralization so that may lead to freedom of information exchange. They say that hackers shouldn’t be judged by their age, race, or qualifications, they should only by judged by their hacking skill. A common value of community and collaboration is also present among the hackers.
I should emphasize that being an ethical hacker doesn’t necessarily mean having these qualities and following these moral values and philosophies. Hacker ethics are separate from just being a hacker. But these ethics are very popular among the general hacking community and so it may be considered as a trait of the community, maybe not of an individual hacker.
Before concluding I would like to share a small essay written by a hacker by the name (rather pseudo name) of ‘The Mentor’ shortly after being arrested. It’s called ‘The Hacker Manifesto’, and is considered one of the cornerstone of the hacker culture. You can find it here — http://www.phrack.org/issues/7/3.html